Mind plays the role of Blackmailer when fears take control of mind!
A kind of emotional blackmail as being subtle and insidious can do a lot of harm. It may appear in any form such as withholding of affection, disappointment, anxiety, insecurity etc.
Most of the time, mind plays a role of Enemy! But we can make it a friend!
Fear, the greatest enemy of human, slows the progress of a person, and it disturbs peace and harmony in life. In fact, fear sucks the vitality and energy of a person, which may become a cause for weakness and even for death.
The Devil is Fear. Ignorance is mother of fear. To get free from the clutch of this devil, we must have true knowledge by removing the ignorance. It is that simple.
Fear resides in out thoughts.
The seeds of fear lie dormant in childhood in the subconscious mind and sprout forth when similar situation arises.
Fear stops us from doing great things
Each of us can eradicate fear and gain calmness, happiness, peace of mind through different means such as studying good reads, meditation, exercise, yoga, playing games, listening music and good company etc.
Various types fear are at constant work in our mind:
Fear of Change. If there is change then also fear works. If change is uncertain, the also fear works.
Fear of pain.
Fear of taking responsibilities.
Fear of loss, bereavement, abandonment.
Fear of aging, illness and death.
Fear of loneliness.
Fear of failure, rejection and humiliation.
Fear of other’s opinion.
Fear of public speaking.
Fear of uncertainty: In business, or in job or in the field of art etc. etc.
Attachment is long standing associate of fear.
Wherever there is attachment, there is fear. Fear and attachment co-exist. Attachment makes us fearful. For example, the fear of abandonment arises from attachment: For some people a fear is such that they are not loved by their life partners and one day he/she may leave her/him. For them there is always fear of abandonment.
A person is generally attached to his/her family. So there is fear of losing partner, fear of loosing children. Normally a person is deeply attached to family members, property, name and fame. Some time fear arises in mind what will happen if I loose all these? But there is no fear when there is no attachment.
Fear is the false perception of reality and False perceptions are created in Mind.
Wrong perception are the cause of all sufferings. We must throw away all perceptions that pulls us from doing great works. Right understanding gives us right directions to live life with bliss. It is not the world that troubles us, but it is our own mind. Right understanding will remove fear from our mind.
Right understanding is essential.
In this world of duality, good and evil, right and wrong, truth and falsehood are so intermixed that a clear understanding is indispensable for a right choice at each and every step of life. Right understanding develops when the mind is purified. Mental purity and calmness go together. Ignorance blurs our vision and prevents us from seeing things in their true light. Right understanding teaches us to discriminate between the eternal and non-eternal, the real and unreal, the relative and the absolute.
So, what is right understanding?
Our real self is the conscious spirit shining within. It has been described in Upanishads as the Eye of the eye, the Ear of the ear, the Mind of the mind, the Life of the life. The body grows and decays, but the spirit within is changeless. The body undergoes hunger and thirst, heat and cold, but the spirit within is beyond all these changes. The mind has pain and pleasure, virtue and vice, knowledge and ignorance, but the real Self is beyond all these conditions. This non dual spirit is ever pure, ever free, and very essence of this Universe. That is our real Self and that is the reality. This self-shining spirit is essentially one with the Supreme Being. The source of all joy, of all wisdom, of all freedom is right inside our heart. There is one and only one place where we meet God-it is in the depth of the heart.
Think wisely that everything is favorable to you, because you are now connected with ONE, the Non-dual Self. Feel that you are receiving blessings of all sages and saints of this world and beyond. The Universe is full of spiritual vibrations. The grace of the Supreme is always ready to descend upon us. We need to open our heart to receive Universal blessings of Almighty.
Who am I in reality?
A sloka from The Bhagavad Gita: [B.G II:20, 22-24]
This Self is never born, nor does it die. It is not that having been it again ceases to be. Even as a man casts out worn-out clothes, and puts on others which are new, so the embodied self casts out worn-out bodies, and enters into others which are new.
This Self weapons cut not, fire burns not, water wets not, wind dries not. This Self cannot be cut, nor burnt, nor wetted, not dried; changeless, all-pervading, unmoving, unmoved, the Self is eternal.
In enjoyment, there is fear of disease; in social position, there is fear of falling off; in wealth, there is the fear of (hostile) kings; in honour, there is the fear of humiliation; in power, there is the fear of foes; in beauty, there is the fear of old age; in scriptural erudition, there is the fear of opponents; in virtue, there is the fear of traducers; in body, there is the fear of death; everything in this world pertaining to men is attended with fear; renunciation alone leads to fearlessness..................A Sloka from "Vairagya-Shatakam"
Fear, the greatest enemy of human slows the progress of a person, and it disturbs peace and harmony in life. In fact, fear sucks the vitality and energy of a person, which may become a cause for weakness and even for death.
What Upanishad says on Fear?
Let us know “fear” in the perspective of Vedanta Philosophy.
“There is Fear from Duality” [ Non- Duality alone is fearlessness]: Brih. 1.4.2.
What causes Fear? It is from a second entity that fear comes.
§ Two types of fear:
Natural or Rational Fear: It arises due to genuine threat of life or other concern in life.
Un natural Fear: Has no basis, no reality. Totally imaginary.
This article will have two important parts:
Part-1): All about fear in Nutshell
Part-2): Methods for eradication of fear.
In the Part-1 section, we will focus on various causes of fear, and its subtle origin, particularly in subconscious mind. How the fears arise in different forms in different kinds of person. What are its implications?
In the section Part-2, we will look into the various approaches to eradicate the fears. How to stop fear in its origin? We will focus mainly on the point what gets fear? Through logical reasonings we can conquer fear permanently.
The triune Brain:
Research pioneered by Paul MacLean, M.D., the human brain has three separate sub-brains with different shape, size, structure, chemistry and pattern of functions. Among three sub brains, one is the oldest and known as Reptilian Brain.
Fear is a fight or flight response. It comes directly from the unconscious reptilian brain, since this brain has been programmed to help us to survive in a prehistoric world. Therefore, we are programmed to fear anything which is associated with a threat to our survival. We must overcome this reptilian brain. Right knowledge can do this.
1. What is Fear?
It is an expression of mind which also reflects in the face, when a person sees danger in his front. This is an instantaneous reaction of the person in fearful situation. Face becomes pale, heartbeat rises, chocking of voice, tremor of limbs, expressionless condition of the eyes, inability to speak etc. The seeds of fear lie dormant in childhood in the subconscious mind and sprout forth when similar situation arises.
The philosophy behind the Fear
§ According to “Hsin Hsin Ming” (Tao Philosophy) when tranquillity is disturbed, there is a guideline as below:
“ To come into harmony with this Reality, when doubt arises, just simply say “NOT TWO ” In this “NOT TWO” nothing is separate, nothing is excluded. The concept again is non-Duality. Once we understand the core concept, fear is removed permanently.
§ The Vedantic perspective on Fear:
We have forgotten our original nature, which is Divine, the true nature. The Infinite fearless Brahman became the finite Jiva with fear due to the whirlpool of ignorance. Identification with this body has become the cause of Fear. We identify ourselves with this physical Body which is perishable. Therefore, there is fear of losing this body due age, diseases etc. This body is an instrument for sensual enjoyments. Fear always works of losing this body.
Negative feeling is also another cause of fear. Lack of self- reliance makes a person afraid. Sometime inferiority complex becomes cause of fear, because the person feels incapable of showing talents, power and position due lack of physical and mental efficiency. Such fears are the result of wrong guidance and bad environments in childhood.
Self-realization will remove all such fears. 2. Fear associated with attachment.
Fear and attachment are modifications or ” Vrittis” in the mind. They are like temporary waves. Mind’s substance is nothing but fear and attachment. Fear and attachments are like twins. When you destroy fear and attachment, you are free from misery.
Fear is a product of ignorance or Avidya. Due to this ignorance (Avidya) we have forgotten our true nature, which is fearless and immortal. In reality we are “Santam (peaceful), Ajaram(decay less), Amritam(immortal), Abhayam(fearless).
Attachment is long standing associate of fear. Wherever attachment is there, there is fear. Fear and attachment co-exist. Attachment makes us fearful. A person is attached to his/her family. So, there is fear of losing wife/husband, fear of losing children. Also, there is fear of separation due any reason. A person is deeply attached to family members, property, name and fame etc. He or she gets terrible shock when these objects are destroyed or lost. But when there is no attachment there is no fear.
Lord Krishna says in Gita: " He who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of stable mind." Therefore, abandon attachment through the practice of non-attachment. All fears will cease to exist.
Infact all objects are illusory, perishable and pain-giving. This is to be understood that all objects are short lived with respect to infinity. Thus, all sorts of fears and attachments will totally vanish.
“I am bodiless, immortal Soul or Brahman I am sexless, all-pervading Atman I am fearless Brahman I am full of Vairagya now There is no world at all I alone exist I am Deathless and Blissful I am Absolute Brahman”
3. Imaginary Fears:
Every person has some imaginary fears of one kind or another. All these fears are generated due to presence of lust, anger, greed, jealousy, pride and hatred and mind becomes agitated. Imaginary fears put fuel on this agitated mind and makes a person restless like monkey. These imaginary fears are far more than normal and genuine fear. Ultimately, these fears develop diseases, discomfort, disharmony and bring miseries. Fear of failing examination is a kind of imaginary fear which arises due to anxiety and worries.
" Not reaching It, the speech and the mind return back. One who knows the Bliss of Brahman, fears not from anything at all."[Taittariya Upanishad 2.9]
In Part-2, we will discuss over methods to eradicate fear from the source itself. We will explore: 1) the path of YOGA (Meditation) and 2) through the knowledge of Advaita Vedanta: Brahma Gyan, to attain free and fearless state.
Fear has to be conquered. Freedom from fear can be achieved through liberation from the objects of Fear. Right knowledge only can liberate fear from the mind. Knowledge of NON-DUALITY is required for that. Next part will elaborate on this NON-DUALITY.
Preface: Patience is essential to read this article:
☆The article is based on my studies, my concept, my thoughts on the subject. It is further supplemented with my experiences and self realization.
☆I found some link between modern science(Quantum mechanics) and teachings of ancient sages as mentioned in Vedanta, regarding Universe, Supreme Consciousness or the Ultimate truth , the Ultimate Reality whatever we say.
☆ The term “MAN” wherever used in this entire text is intended to consider as “HUMAN” irrespective of gender differences.
♡ Having gone through the Vedanta/ancient texts, commentaries, translated by different writers, translators, publishers on the same topic, I have tried my best to share the subject matter as I understood and convinced too. My intention is to reach to you with the topic that I found very useful for human lives. I am not good in English literature. Please give your valuable suggestions for the improvement and valuable inputs to make the text beneficial for mankind.
☆ The Spiritual context is purely based on ancient sacred texts. Sanskrit slokas are taken from books and websites. There may be little variation in the translations and commentaries. I have shared my own views and explanations according to my concept gathered in the subject through experience and intuitions. There is no discrimination against any religion, race, cast or creed.
Your feedback will be highly appreciated. I am sure that the subject matter is highly logical and does not bring any conflict. Hope you will enjoy reading. Regards. NAMASTE. I can be reached at : firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Death is a Teacher:
Katha Upanishad belongs to Katha Branch of Krishna Yajurveda. Katha Upanishad is a favorite one in all ages and it is placed in third position in the list of Ten Principal Upanishads.
“Kata Upanishad” is divided in two ” parts( Adhyaya). Book-1 & Book-2. I have published Essence of Book-1 in three parts. The links are given below:-
Mantra1: Lord of Death Yama Said:” The Self-Existent created the senses out-going, therefore one looks outward, not into the atman within. A rare discriminating man arises, desirous of immortality, sees the atman within.”
Mantra-2: The ignorant man runs after pleasures, sinks into the entanglement of death; but the wise man seeking the immortality, does not run among things that die.
Mantra-3: By , that they are cognized. whatever form, taste, smell, sound, touch and sexual joy one encounters, is by that alone. What is there unknowable to That in this world? This is verily That. (एतद्वै तत् ~This is Mahavakya of this Text)
Witness of the Three States.
Mantra-4: The wise man by meditating upon the all pervading Self, understands the objects of Dream and those of Waking State. That Great Omnipresent Atman, Having realized this , the wise man goes beyond sorrow.
[We may refer Mandukya Upanishad, from where we can know about the different states of Consciousness: 1} Waking, 2) Dreaming, 3) Deep Sleep and 4) Turiya] Interested readers may please read my blog on Mandukya Upanishad: The Link is Here:--
Mantra-4 presents the Self as the Witness of the three states of waking, dream and deep sleep. The Deep Sleep state is not mentioned as no objects are perceived in it. The perceiver is indicated as being the Self.
Mantra-5: He who knows that the enjoyer of this honey is one’s own dear Atman, the sustainer of his life, the Lord of the past and the future, no more thereafter does he ” wish to save himself”
Knowing the Truth, that the Individual Self, the eater of the fruit of action, is the Universal Self, maker of past and future, knows that he has nothing to fear.
Hiranyagarbha ~ Brahman in Subtle Creation:
Mantra-6: He is the “First-Born” of the Austerity of Brahma; He is born prior to the five elements; He enters and take his seat in the heart cavity, in the midst of the elements- He now truly Sees. This is verily That![एतद्वै तत्]
This means that: the boundless power, source of every power, manifesting Itself as Life, entering into every Heart, living there among the elements, that is Self: “Brahman”
Mantra-7: It is She (Hiranyagarbha) from whom Prana is Born; She is the Enjoyer in the form of the Devas; She enters and takes her seat in the heart of cavity, in the midst of the elements-She is now truly Born. This is verily That![एतद्वै तत्]
The essence of the Mantra-6 & 7 has to be understood minutely.
यः पूर्वं तपसो जातमद्भ्यः पूर्वमजायत ।
गुहां प्रविश्य तिष्ठन्तं यो भूतेभिर्व्यपश्यत । एतद्वै तत् ॥ ६॥
या प्राणेन संभवत्यदितिर्देवतामयी ।
गुहां प्रविश्य तिष्ठन्तीं या भूतेभिर्व्यजायत । एतद्वै तत् ॥ ७॥
Mantra: 6 reflects the views in the perspective of Brahman and Mantra:7 views in the perspective of Human in the Earth.
“Hiranyagarbha” is Brahman Himself in a conditioned form. Hiranyagarbha is to be known as ” the First Born”(Poorvam Jaatam). ” Pranena Sambhavati” means from whom Prana is born.
The Tapasvin in Brahman is called Ishwara,which combines with the creative power called Maya at the Causal level. The first fruit of this union is “Hiranyagarbha”, which also is known as “Cosmic Womb” at the subtle level, who represents the Female potential to produce creation.
Mantra-8: Lodged between two pieces of wood(known as Arani), is the Fire of Knowledge that signifies Omniscience. It is like a foetus that is well-protected(nourished), there in womb of pregnant women. Day by day, it is carefully tended and adored(worshipped). i) By the sleepless one (the awakened in his contemplations);ii) by the offers of oblations(the householder) and iii) by the men (Upasakas) who worship triple Fire (Nachiketas Fire). This is verily That![एतद्वै तत्]
Here is the mystic meaning of the above Mantra.
In ancient time, Fire was created by the ignition of two sticks-the upper and lower aranis are the two sections of the mathava which ignites fire and keeps it hidden in them. One stick can not generate Fire, but two are necessary. Jatavedas means Agni (Fire). Just as rubbing is necessary to ignite Fire, some sort of igniting force is necessary to manifest Hiranyagarbha. We have Him in us; we carry Him with us always; just as pregnant women carry the foetus in their wombs wherever they go, we move about with Him, and we cannot live without Him. The Agni (Fire) is symbolically worshipped by the householders as the fivefold Agni which has become a Ritual only. People mistake this Agni, Earthly Fire as the real, instead of recognizing it as the Universal Fire. The Agni we worship is a symbol of the Vaishvanara-agni. Prana is Life manifesting itself as energies of various kinds, just as electricity can be manifest as heating or mechanical or other works. This mysterious living Being within individual bodies is That answer to Nachiketas’ question about Hiranyagarbha.
Essence of Mantra-6,7 & 8: The whole of Virat, the gross manifestation, has to be considered as being nothing but Brahman Himself. The same applied earlier to Hiranyagarbha. Now this is extended to include that even Virat too stand for Brahman alone.
Brahman- The Absolute:
Mantra-9: That from which the SUN (Hiranyagarbha) arises, and into which it merges or sets- That upon which depend all the Deities. None ever transcends That (The Supreme Brahman). This is verily That! [एतद्वै तत्]
Brahman is Both Here & Thereafter:
Mantra-10: That which is here is thereafter; whatever is there, is likewise here. He goes from death to death[Transmigrates], who sees any difference between there and here.
One should not differentiate and categorize “Brahman”-the Supreme. Brahman is Non-Dual and therefore can not be differentiated. He can only be known as one Homogenous Whole. He is both ” There and Here” . He is both in conditioned and unconditioned state. He is transcendent as well as immanent respectively. He is beyond as well as within.
Train your Mind that– there is but ONE; he who divides the ONE, moves from Death to Death.
Mantra-11: This is to attained through the Mind alone; There is no diversity here whatsoever. He goes from death to death; who sees any difference between “Here & There”.
The “Thumb-Sized Brahman”
Why and whom to fear?
Mantra-12: The Purusha of the size of a thumb; resides in the middle(core) of the body. He is the Lord of the past and future; knowing Him one does not fear thereafter. This is verily That![एतद्वै तत्]
Mantra-13: The Purusha of the size of a thumb; is like a light without smoke. He is the Lord of the past and future. He Exists today, and He will exist tomorrow. This is verily That![एतद्वै तत्]
Mantra-14: Just as water rained on inaccessible height, gets dispersed as it runs to lower regions; so also one who perceives the selves differently, cannot avoid running after them endlessly.
The Self of the wise men remains pure.
Mantra-15: Just as pure water when into pure ; it is poured, it becomes verily pure water only; so also the pure thoughts of men of knowledge, poured on the Self, remain pure, O Gautama.
Failure to comprehend the Essential Unity of Being is the Cause of Rebirth.
Why do we take rebirth or otherwise we can say we move from death to death. Why? It is due to wish of fulfilling desires that remain till death. But if we can realize the True Reality of the Self, the Eternal Self, from whom everything manifests, the desires get vanished, get dried up. All desires melt is the light of the Self. This is Nirvana. Nachiketas wanted to know, what happens to the Souls after death. Lord of Death ” Yama ” explained the reality through conversations between them. That is the Essence of Katha Upanishad.
Back to the Truth: 5000 years of ADVAITA by Dennis Waite.**
THE TEN PRINCIPAL UPANISHADS: Translated by Shree Purohit** Swami and W.B.Yeats
Brahma Sutra Bhasya of Sankaracharya: Translated by Swami Gambhirananda.**
Commentary of Katha Upanishad: By Swami Krishnananda.
Katha Upanishad: By Swami GuruBhaktananda.
EIGHT UPANISADS -VOL-1 with commentary of Sankaracharya, Translated by SWAMI GAMBHIRANANDA.
THE TAITTIRIYA UPANISHAD: SHIKSHAVALLI-ANANDAVALLI-BHRIGUVALLI with Sri Shankara’s Commentary By Sri Swami Satchidanandera Saraswati.
Commentary of Mandukya Upanishad: By Swami Krishnananda.
MANDUKYA Upanishad By Swami GuruBhaktananda.
A-U-M Awakening to Reality : By Dennis Waite***
Panchadasi: Swami Vidyaranya:
Information available on internet.
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