Yoga Philosophy

“Ashtanga Yoga” [ Eight limbs of Yoga]~ Part-6

“Kriya Yoga” is preliminary preparation for entering into the state of Samadhi. Sadhana Pada, the second section among four sections of Patanjali Yogasutra starts with the instructions in “Kriya Yoga”.  In this section Maharshi Patanjali gives us guidelines to make proper foundation through some practical methods to enter into state of “Samadhi”. First part of Sadhana Pada deals with philosophy of “klesha”. Klesha means pain, misery , sufferings , problems and difficulties in life. Different types of kleshas which are obstacles must removed to achieve goal.  Our goal is to attain state of Samadhi. Through practice of kriya yoga, kleshas can be attenuated. Calmness of body and mind will come through Tapas. Through Svadhyaya will come true knowledge, self realisation and tranquillity of mind through Ishwara Pranidhana.

“Ashtanga Yoga” [ Eight limbs of Yoga]~ Part-5

Mental modifications are the cause of unstable mind. Instability of mind can be stopped ,if we concentrate on our thoughts appearing in mind. Whatever we think in waking condition are among five types of Vritti as mentioned in Patanjali Yoga Sutras. Most of the time, the thoughts are found to be baseless and they are originated due to ignorance only. This ignorance is due to absence of knowledge of our real nature, true nature which is “purusha”.  Ignorance is removed by regular and persistent practice of Yoga. Ignorance can be removed by gaining more insight into the nature of our mind and going beyond mind.

“Ashtanga Yoga” [ Eight limbs of Yoga]~ Part-4

Dharana, Dhyana & Samadhi: These three limbs together lead aspirants to the ultimate goal.  When Dhyana enters into Samadhi , the Gate which leads into the world of realities opens. Samadhi means a state of mind which through the practice of Dharana and Dhyana has become so  completely tranquil and the person meditating  is so absorbed that the he or she even forgets own existence.